NORSE ISRAELITISH ORIGINS
by Mikkel S. Kragh
“When your children shall ask their fathers in time to come, saying, What mean these stones? Then ye shall let your children know, saying...” (Joshua 4:21-22)
Illustration: The King’s Dolmen, Tokkekøb Hegn, Northern Zealand, Denmark
Original title: Vor Israelitiske Oprindelse (Our Israelitish Origin), translated from the Danish by the author.
”It goes with a people, just as with the individual man; none of them know their first origin. The distant past is, like the future, shrouded in darkness. But man wants to know what lies behind him, just as he questions what lies ahead of him.” (Adam Fabricius: Illustreret Danmarkshistorie for Folket, 1853)
Danish man! Danish maid! and others who may read these lines!
Who are we Danes? And what is it that makes us Danes?
The Danish-Norwegian word os (Swedish oss, English us, old-English ós) means one of the Aser. Because the old-English word ós is the singular form of Ése (old-English) and Aesir (old-Norse) or Aser.
The Aser were the gods of the Norse mythology. Odin and Thor were Aser. The other Norse gods - such as Frej and Freja - were the Vaner. The word vi in Danish-Norwegian (we in English) is derived from the old-Norse word ver or Vaner.
Today, we say us Danes, and then them, all the others.
But perhaps not all the others. When the talk is of Danes and other peoples living in Denmark, I am sure that most Danes would not think of Swedes in Denmark as the aliens. Would you not, if you should be really honest, think of the Swede in Denmark as one of us, and not one of them? The word us does mean As, one of the Aser, the Norse gods, and Odin and Thor were just as Swedish as they were Danish. The same could be said of Norwegians, Faroe Islanders, and Icelanders. Aser and Vaner, Odin, Thor, and Freja, are just as Icelandic, Norwegian, and Swedish as they are Danish.
In the Norse countries we even call each other for brother-folk (brother-peoples), as if we were brothers, the sons of one father.
We also have a close bond and feeling of kinship with the great peoples the Germans and the British. In several Midieval centuries entire classes of craftsmen in the Danish towns were all Germans, who entirely looked like Danes and today are in the Danish people. The nobility and large tradesmen in Denmark were also dominated by Germans for a long while. When the Reformation broke out in Northern Europe, the English chose Anglican Protestantism, and the Dutchmen, the Swiss, and many Frenchmen chose Calvinistic (Reformed) Protestantism. In the North we became Lutherans, just like most of the Germans, after the German Martin Luther.
The thing with the Catholic Church that really outraged Luther was his pilgrimage to Rome, where the Catholic priest-hood had sunk down into unrestrained whoredom. The peoples who fervently received Luther’s Christianity were specifically those peoples who 1000 years earlier had worshipped the Aser and Vaner, Odin, Thor, and Freja. Here in the North and in the Northern 2/3 of Germany the Lutheran Church is still the People’s Church, or the People’s Faith, however dull the spirit may have become for the last 40 years.
Why did we specifically accept Luther's Christianity? What kind of men and women were we back then? one could ask. We were, of course, exactly the same men and women of the same flesh and blood, as the ones who today make up the Norsemen and most of the Germans. Deep down inside of us there lies a heart of flesh and blood, but it is also a heart full of life, spirit, and soul.
Above: Protestant areas today (grey)
Around the year 80 A.D., the Roman Cornelius Tacitus traveled among the tribes in what he called Germania. He described the tribes of Germania as “a curious perfectly pure tribe”, who all had “the same outward, harsh blue eyes, fair reddish hair, and a large body.”
The memory of the Vikings is today seen through the eyes of the bitter Catholic English monks whose monasteries the Danish and Norwegian Vikings laid to ruins. During the First World War the British war propaganda also described the Germans as ’the Huns’: dirty, long-haired cave-men. Remains of this memory are still present in many British minds today, despite the fact that the British General Staff obviously did not make the propaganda to describe the truth, but rather to incite an atmosphere to make the enemy appear as barbarians.
The Danish Vikings of Danelaw (the Danish governed England) were known to please the English women, as the Vikings meticulously combed their long, fair hair, and bathed every Saturday. (It may not sound of being very often, but how often would you take a bath if the water rarely got very much above the freezing point?)
Other characteristics of the tribes of Germania, which Tacitus noted, were a conscientious and compassionate hospitality and a ‘blue-eyed’ naivety.
Already 2000 years ago these characteristics of the soul were a part of our inner self, just as they were in the high-Christian centuries. Only now they have withered!
There has been found remains of primitive men at dunghills in the Norse countries, but it was not us. It were men of other flesh and blood, not the ancestors of the Danes. And yet, around the year 80 A.D., there were these ’merry fair heathen’ in Northern Europe. The question is therefore: Where did they come from? And that means: Where did we come from?
Many modern history books are full of descriptions and analysises of potsherds, scallop shells at the dunghill, artifacts and eating habits. But they leave out one thing: The men and women of flesh and blood. Were they fair or dark? Longheads or shortheads? In other words: Were they our ancestors, or the ancestors of someone else? Johannes Brøndsted wrote the first volume of Politikens Danmarkshistorie (1963). From the Older Iron Age, i.e. 1500-900 B.C., that is of a period of 600 years, Brøndsted tells us that in all of Denmark there has been found skeletons and craniums from a grand total of 5 men! Of these 5 men, the 4 were shortheads, of a stocky Laplander type. Only one out of the 5 was a longhead of the tall Nordic type à la the modern Danes, Swedes, and Norwegians.
The people of Denmark of the Older Iron Age were not our forefathers! The Danes were not in Denmark 3000 years ago!
One of Denmark's most learned, most vivid and diligent historians, Peter Friderich Suhm, described in Om Odin og den Hedniske Gudlære og Gudstieneste udi Norden (1769) that all of the ancient Norse lands, Poland, and the Baltic states were inhabited by what Suhm called ‘Finns’. (Suhm’s name for the stocky quasi-Mongolian Laplander, different from the modern much Nordic-Swedish Finns.) Suhm shew that the Aser and the Vaner from the Norse mythology originally were the very forefathers of the Norsemen, who had gone down in the mythology as gods.
At the same time, Suhm believed that the Dwarves, the Berg-Riiser, and the Hrim-Turser of the mythology were the ‘Finns’ whom the Norsemen had driven out of the greater part the Norse lands.
Brøndsted, on the other hand, could inform us that around the year 0 and in the 3rd century A.D. Denmark experienced two new immigrations. He wrote that
“These pure long-heads show Nordic type, as it is called.” (Politikens Danmarkshistorie, Volume 1, p. 495,1963)
Here we have us Danes!
But if the first Danes only arrived in Denmark in the first centuries after the birth of Christ, the question is then: Where did they come from? That is: Where did we come from?
In his masterly works Suhm more or less views it as a solid conclusion that it is
“reasonable that out Fathers have come here through Russia, and the Eastern part of Poland. Now, when they came to the present-day land of Livonia, they split in two great great multitudes, of which the first went to the north, and from them our Fathers hail, and the other went to the west, and became the Forefathers of many German peoples...” (Peter Friderich Suhm: Historie af Danmark, 1. Tomé, 1782)
In the monumental work Atland Eller Manheim by the great Swedish historian Olof Rudbeck, the conclusion is the same: The Nordic peoples were the Aser and Vaner from the East.
Suhm worked with a great numbers of sources, but gave great credit to the earliest written source of our Eastern origin: Snorre Sturlasson the Icelander. In the Ynglinge-Saga in the Younger Edda (app. 1220 A.D.), Snorre wrote that he had “let write older stories of chiefs, who had kingdoms in the Northlands and the Danish tongue.” With the phrase ‘the Danish tongue’, Snorre the Icelander meant all the Norse peoples. Snorre’s knowledge seems to have been common understanding in the ancient Norse lands, because he writes that he has written the Ynglinge-Saga “after the accounts of knowledgeable men,” who “had told me.” Edda means great grandmother, and it is also the most distant origin of the Norsemen that Snorre began with: in the land of Svithjod.
“North of the Black Sea lies Svithjod the Great, or the Cold. ... From the north in those mounts that lies beyond all inhabited land, runs a Stream through Svithjod, which by right is called Tanakvisl or Vanakvisl. It comes to the Sea inside the Black Sea... That Stream divides two of the Earth’s thirds; east of it lies Asia, but to the west Europe... East of Tanakvisl in Asia lies the land Asaland or Asheim, but the main castle which was in the land is called Asgaard. In the castle there lives a chief whose name was Odin; there was a great sacrificial place.” (Snorre Sturlasson: Ynglinge-Saga, Chapter 1)
This was actually also Suhm’s own conclusion, which he in 1771 summarized,
“that those peoples whom the last Odin came from at Tanais, and led with himself into the North, were actually called Aser, or Alans; in Hervarer Saga they are called Asia Men, but commonly Aser or Æser, which explains that those persons who came along with Odin, and later were made into gods, were especially called Aser, and himself [Odin*] the most dignified As, as the mightiest of them all; and therefore, the place where they dwelt was called Asgaard, which also is the name of the dwelling place of the gods in the Edda.” (*My paranthesis.) (Peter Friderich Suhm: Om Odin og den Hedniske Gudlære og Gudstieneste udi Norden, pp. 35-36,1771)
Odin himself was of the Aser people (folk), and the brother-folk (people) were the wise Vaner. In their eastern homeland, the Aser and Vaner had a close, but hard, brother-relationship. Much like the Swedes and the Danes had for many centuries. And yet, they were very closely linked, they intermarried, and yet stayed separate, and had their differences.
At what time Odin began his wanderings with the Aser and the Vaner, we can get a rather good idea of, since Snorre wrote that the Roman Empire was expanding forcefully at the time that Odin began the wandering, which means app. 100 B.C.-O:
“In that time the chiefs of the Romans went far across the Earth and subjected many peoples, but many other chiefs fled from their lands due to the turmoil. But because Odin was far-seeing and knowledgeable in sorceries, he knew that his offspring would dwell and built in the Northern part of the Earth. Then he set his brothers Vee and Vilje over Asgaard; but he himself departed; and with him all Diar and many other people; first to the west in Gardarike, and then south in Saxland. He had many sons: across Saxland he subdued many kingdoms and set his sons as governors. Then he went north to the [Baltic*] Sea and found his place to live on an island. That place is now called Odin’s-Ø on Fyn.” (*My paranthesis.) (Snorre Sturlasson: Ynglinge-Saga, Chapter 5)
Odin won Sweden, and settled in Uppsala. His son Skjold he set as king in Lejre, and let him marry Gefion, the mother of Zealand. King Skjold is acknowledged as the first king of Denmark.
Many only remembered Odin as a godly being from the mythology, but originally he was a man. Another writer of old who wrote of the historical Odin, was Saxo Grammaticus, who in Danmarks Krønike wrote:
“At that time there was a man by the name of Odin, who all over Europe falsely was seen as a god. For the most part, he dwelled in Upsal, whether this was so due to the noted ignorance of the people there, or that he found a special pleasure in that beautiful area. The kings in the Nordic lands, who were very keen on showing him honour as a god, cast a golden image, adorned it even with heavy bangles and sent it down to him in Byzans, as a witness of how high they in the fear of god honoured him.” (Saxo Grammaticus: Danmarks Krønike, Book 1)
Saxo wrote that Odin was his name. But I think that Odin rather was his title. Therefore, Suhm spoke of three Odins.
Snorre, however, pulled the thread even farther, beyond the Caucasus:
“A great mountain-ridge stretches from North-East to South-West, it divides the Great Svithjod and other kingdoms. South of the mount there is not far to Turkland; there, Odin has great estates.” (Snorre Sturlasson: Ynglinge-Saga, Chapter 5)
Odin’s great estates south of the Caucasus? Then it makes sense when Suhm refers to ‘Turk’ as a name of honour for the ancient Norsemen:
“Or it may also be that Turk has been a common name for all the peoples who followed Odin, both Goths as well as Aser, as Vaner, because I find in Langfedgatal that Odin has been refered to as King of the Turks, and Ingve, the father of Niord, is by Are also called King of the Turks, and this confirms that Turk seems to have been a name of honour for many peoples, or perhaps a common name for all wandering peoples or nomads.” (Peter Friderich Suhm: Historie af Danmark, 1. Tomé, p. 20, 1782)
How could such wonderful accounts of our ancient past and Nordic inheritance be forgotten by the layman? Not only giants as Suhm and Rudbeck, but Snorre himself vividly told of this our hidden inheritance from Odin, Aser, and Vaner.
It would be a long time before the dust from the books of old was removed.
The legendary Norwegian Thor Heyerdahl is of course remembered especially for his Kon-Tiki Expedition, but as driven by Providence, Heyerdahl went from the one discovery to the next. The book which proved to be his last was for Norway the greatest: Jakten på Odin, (2001) where Heyerdahl re-discovered all these things. In 2003 the Prime Minister of Norway, Kjell Magne Bondevik, even visited the settlement of the Aser (Aserbygðjan), which Heyerdahl had discovered: Azerbaidjan. (Today, the Azerbaidjani are also a Turkish people.) For Norway, it was pearl of great price that Heyerdahl had found. It had laid hidden right in front of everyone’s eyes, forgotten, but not lost.
Aser and Vaner of the Norse lands:
Aser and Dan of the Bible
Thus, we can trace Aser and Vaner to Aserbygðjan in Turkland. Just who were placed exactly at this place and at this time, were none other than two of the most important tribes of the Bible: Aser and Dan.
Aser and Dan were two of the so-called Lost 10 Tribes of Israel. Originally, Israel consisted of 12 tribes, of which none were Jews. Up to the year 721 B.C., 10 of the 12 tribes of Israel were deported out of Canaan, whereas others wandered to the north on their own. The 3 most northern tribes of Israel were Dan, Aser, and Naphtali, of which Dan was the Leader Tribe. Dan of the Bible became the Vaner under Odin. The Russian river Dniepr is called by Snorre both Vanakvisl and Tanakvisl. In 500 A.D. Jordanes called it Danapir, and today its name is Dniepr in Russian. On the Minor Jellinge Stone, Danmark is spelled tanmarkaR - with a T.
Daner/Vaner/Taner - three different pronunciations of the one and same tribe: the Tribe of Dan.
The two Biblical tribes Aser and Naphtali, I believe melted together into the Nordic Aser. Today, the DNA of the Norwegians and the Swedes are completely identical. The DNA of the Danes is as close to them as you can get, but it still varies just a little.
The 3 most northern tribes of Israel today are Denmark (Dan), Sweden (Aser), and Norway (Naphtali). From Canaan, they wandered to Asia Minor, and under the chief Odin they at a later date wandered to the North.
(There was also an important connection to Greece and Troy, but that I will mention later.)
Before I tell of the 3 most northern tribes of Israel, I must emphasize that none of them were Jews.
Today, most repeat without thinking it over, that the Bible is the Book of the Jews. This is not true: The Bible is not the Book of the Jews! No matter how often this lie is repeated, the Bible is not about the Jews. To this, the Christian Palestinean ex-Jew and dissident Israel Shamir answers an anti-Christian Jew:
“The Jews are not even mentioned in the Jewish Bible. Get that book off your shelf and check it. None of the great and legendary men you name, from King David to the prophets, were called ‘the Jews’. This ethonym appears for the first and only time in the Bible in the Persian story of the very late Book of Esther.” (Israel Shamir: Galilee Flowers, p. 186, 2003)
The Jews of today only trace their lineage to Judah, one of the 12 Tribes of Israel. How it may have entered the common assumption that the Jews should hail from more than one of the 12 Tribes of Israel, is uncertain. But one of the leading American rabbis, Shmuley Boteach, can tell us in his best-seller about Judaism, that,
“An Israelite is someone who is a descendant of Jacob... After the dispersion of the ten tribes, the Israelites were referred to as Jews because the remainder of the Jewish nation, those who today form the bulk of the Jewish people - all stem from the tribe of Judah.” (Shmuley Boteach: Judaism for Everyone, p. 387, 2002)
Ethnic names which are outright wrong can become so deep-rooted in the language and mindset of peoples that they are hard to correct once again, even though everyone, if they consider it for themselves know very well that it is an outright false label. When Columbus arrived to America in 1492 A.D., he believed that it was the shore of India and that the local tribes were Indians. Therefore, the local tribes of America were called Indians. It took a very short while before the Spaniards became aware that it was America, and not India, but the name Indian stood by.
When we read the Gospels about the Lord Jesus, they are about Jews (of the tribe of Judah), because none of them were of the 10 Tribes of Israel. These 10 Tribes had been far, far away from the land of Canaan for more than 700 years, when Jesus was born in Bethlehem.
I will now begin to tell of the so-called Lost 10 Tribes of Israel, but keep a focus on the 3 most northern tribes, Dan, Aser, and Naphtali.
The Lost 10 Tribes of Israel
The Bible is a family chronicle of the 12 Tribes of Israel, the Israelites. Two of the forefathers of the Israelites were Shem and Eber, and therefore, the Israelites are also Semites and Hebrews as well. The grandson of Abraham, namely Jacob, was given the name Israel by God Himself: “And he said, Thy name shall be called no more Jacob, but Israel: for as a prince hast thou power with God and with men, and hast prevailed.” (Genesis 32:28) Jacob is, therefore, the first Israelite and the forefather of all Israelites. Jacob-Israel begot 12 sons, the forefathers of the 12 Tribes of Israel: the Israelites. One of the 12 sons was called Dan, today the Danes. One was called Aser, today the Swedes. One was called Naphtali, today the Norwegians. By skipping the remainder, one was called Judah, the forefather of the Judahites. Shortly before 500 B.C., those of the Judahites who were in captivity in Babylon were suddenly called Jews. In the back of the 1992 translation of the Danish Bible, as published by the Danish Bible Society, we read under the article ‘Juda’ (Judah): “The word Jew is derived from Judah.”
After having been the thralls of Pharoah in Egypt, the app. 3 mio. Israelites - men, women, and children - cross the divided Red Sea, and reach Mount Sinai, where they are given the Law of Moses. This is a most important event in the history of Israel, because the Bible refers to it as a wedding between God (the Bridegroom) and Israel (the Bride). This description of the relationship between God and the 12 Tribes of Israel as Man and Wife is used all the way through the Bible, right from the Book of Exodus unto the last book in the Bible, the Revelation of Saint John. The Israelites conquer the Promised Land of Canaan and drives out the Canaanites, and lives after the Law of God.
Above: The 12 Tribes of Israel in Canaan
Israel is now the People of God’ property (or the People of God's Estate), but this also bears with it a great responsibility. If Israel follows the Law of God and worships Him, God blesses them and blesses other peoples through Israel. If Israel to the contrary breaks the Law of God and worships other gods, God will chasten and curse Israel, until Israel repents.
After King David – ‘a man according to the heart of the LORD’- follows King Solomon. Solomon is the wisest man on earth, but because he marries alien women, God punishes all of Israel, and 10 of the tribes revolts. Israel is now split into two kingdoms: The 10 Tribes in the Northern Kingdom, called the House of Israel, or simply Israel; and the 2 Tribes in the Southern Kingdom, the House of Judah, or simply Judah, and later Jews.
The 12 Tribes of Israel in Canaan
From this point and on, the 10 Tribes of Israel and the 2 Tribes of Judah have separate kings, separate prophets, they have each of their own history, and are often at war against each other. The 10 Northern Tribes are, however, more sinful than the 2 Tribes in the South, so finally, God punishes the 10 Tribes by letting the mighty Assyrian Empire invade the Northern Kingdom of the 10 Tribes, and the Assyrians deports all the Israelites of the 10 Tribes out of the land of Canaan in the year 721 B.C.
At this event God annuls His ‘marriage’ with the 10 Tribes of Israel, because those idols whom they worshipped (such as Baal and Moloch), were the ‘lovers’ in Israel’s ‘matrimonial adultery’. God’s ‘marriage’ with the 2 Tribes of Judah in the South, however, stays intact, and Judah continues being the people of God: “And she conceived again, and bare a daughter. And God said unto him, Call her name Loruhamah: for I will no more have mercy upon the house of Israel; but I will utterly take them away. But I will have mercy upon the house of Judah, and will save them by the LORD their God, and will not save them by bow, nor by sword, nor by battle, by horses, nor by horsemen.” (Hoseah 1:6-7) Concerning God’s ‘divorce’ from the 10 Tribes of Israel, the prophet Jeremiah specifically uses the word Bill of Divorce as pertaining to the broken marriage: “And I said after she had done all these things, Turn thou unto me. But she returned not. And her treacherous sister Judah saw it. And I saw, when for all the causes whereby backsliding Israel committed adultery I had put her away, and given her a bill of divorce; yet her treacherous sister Judah feared not, but went and played the harlot also.” (Jeremiah 3:7-8)
The two sisters are Israel and Judah who both ‘play the harlot’, i.e. worship idols such as Baal, and are not faithful to their Husband the LORD.
The actual deportation of the 10 Tribes finally occurs in the year 721 B.C., where the Assyrians forcefully relocate them to areas south of the Caucasus mountains. The Old Testament describes it as follows: “Then the king of Assyria came up throughout all the land, and went up to Samaria, and besieged it three years. In the ninth year of Hoshea the king of Assyria took Samaria, and carried Israel away into Assyria, and placed them in Halah and in Habor by the river of Gozan, and in the cities of the Medes.” (2nd Kings 17:5-6) “Therefore the LORD was very angry with Israel, and removed them out of his sight: there was none left but the tribe of Judah only.” (2nd Kings 17:18)
Besides the Bible itself, the most time-honoured historian on ancient Israel, is the Roman Jew Flavius Josephus (37-95 A.D.). Josephus described the same event, where the 10 Tribes were carried out of Canaan:
“... Salmaneser, the king of Assyria... was very angry, and made an expedition against Samaria, in the seventh year of the reign of Hoshea; but when he was not admitted [into the city] by the king, he besieged Samaria three years, and took it by force in the ninth year of the reign of Hoshea, and in the seventh year of Hezekiah, king of Jerusalem, and quite demolished the government of the Israelites, and transplanted all the peoples into Media and Persia... and when he had removed these people out of their land, he transplanted other nations out of Cuthah, a place so called, (for there is [still] a river of that name in Persia,) into Samaria, and into the country of the Israelites. So the ten tribes of the Israelites were removed out of Judea, ... nine hundred and forty-seven years after their forefathers were come out of the land of Egypt, and possessed themselves of this country...” (Flavius Josephus: Antiquities of the Jews, Book IX, Chapter XTV, p. 24, 1960)
It is a great help to the understanding of the 10 Tribes of Israel and the 2 Tribes of Judah if you are aware of who the various books of the Old Testament are written to. The books of 1st and 2nd Kings are written from the viewpoint of the 10 Tribes, and speaks of the prophet Elijah, a prophet to the 10 Tribes. The books of 1st and 2nd Chronicles are to the contrary written from the viewpoint of the 2 Tribes of Judah.
When the books of 1st and 2nd Kings were committed to writing, app. 580 B.C., the 10 Tribes of Israel were far away from the land of Canaan: “For he rent Israel from the house of David; and they made Jeroboam the son of Nebat king: and Jeroboam drove Israel from following the LORD, and made them sin a great sin. For the children of Israel walked in all the sins of Jeroboam which he did; they departed not from them; Until the LORD removed Israel out of his sight, as he had said by all his servants the prophets. So was Israel carried away out of their own land to Assyria unto this day.” (2nd Kings 17:21-23)
What happened to the so-called Lost 10 Tribes of Israel after they landed in the area south of the Caucasus, many have pondered over through out history. Physically, they left the prophets of God in the Middle East, but they did remain in the future prophecies of the prophets. They returned to the prophets of God as the European heathens and Gentiles in the New Testament, and today they constitute the White Christian peoples.
The Hidden Books of the Bible
The early Church Fathers had a different Bible than we have today. Some of the New Testament epistles were originally not approved as Canonical, whereas they did acknowledge a number of other books as Canonical, among them the so-called Apocrypha and Pseudepigrapha. Some of the Apocrypha which did not make it as the Canon which the Synods established in the 380’s A.D., were the books of the prophet Ezra - with the exception of Ezra’s first book. 2nd Esdras tells of the exile of the 10 Tribes and their wandering to Europe:
“These are the ten tribes which in the days of King Hoshea were carried away... into captivity, whom Shalmaneser, King of Assyria, made captives, and carried beyond the river [Euphrates]; they were carried off to another country. But they formed this plan among themselves, to leave the heathen population, and go to a more distant region, where the human race had never lived, so that there perhaps they might keep their statutes, which they had not kept in their own country... they went by the narrow passage of the Euphrates River. For the Most High then did wonders for them, for He held back the sources of the river until they had passed over... it was a long journey of a year and a half to that country, and that country is called Arzareth*...” (2nd Esdras 13:40-47) (*Arsareth in the Danish translation.)
In the Hebrew, Arzareth (Arsareth) means ‘another land’. Sereth is also tributary to the Danube in Roumania.
The Beginning of the Exile
The names of some of the tribes of Israel, such as Aser and Dan, are easy to recognize in our search for the Lost 10 Tribes. But Israel would loose its name Israel, as Israel meant a Prince Ruling With God. As the 10 Tribes of Israel were rejected, no longer the people of God, they did not rule with God any longer, and their name Israel was taken away from them. Just as the rest of the peoples of the world, they worshipped other gods. In the eyes of the rest of the world, the 10 Lost Tribes would therefore seem like heathens and Gentiles. But God had not forgotten these lost Israelitish heathens. They were the same people of flesh and blood who were the apple of God’s eye at Mount Sinai and in Canaan. The other names that the Lost 10 Tribes were now called by, the history books can tell us of.
It was the Assyrians who had led the 10 Tribes in captivity. Gads Bibel Leksikon can tell us that the Assyrians called the 10 Tribes for Bit Humrija, meaning the House of Omri. (King Omri was one of the un-Godly kings of the 10 Tribes, spoken of in 1st Kings Chapter 16.) Other pronunciations were Ghomri and Khumri.
One of the greatest archaeological discoveries during the last 200 years was the discovery of the Behistun Rock, close to modern day Teheran in Iran. When the inscriptions of the Persian King Darius in the different languages were deciphered, it turned out that the 10 Tribes were called Khumri, Ghimri, and Saka.
In 1988, the Assyriologist Dr. Anne Katrine Gade Kristensen published her doctoral dissertation, saying “that the Cimmerians were in fact identical with Israelites deported from Northern Israel after the fall of Samaria in 722 B.C.” Dr. Kristensen’s dissertation was translated into English by Dr. Jørgen Læssøe, one of Denmark’s foremost capacities within Middle Eastern archaeology, and was published by the Royal Danish Academies of Sciences and Letters.
The Cimmerians were the same people as the later Celtic Cimbrians in Northern Jutland. Himmerland in Northern Jutland means the Land of the Cimbrians. Peter Friderich Suhm tells us that,
“Since the Nordic Cimbrians have, as I later will show, been one and the same people as the Cimmerians, as pertaining to origin and name, and descended from them, then it is very safe to assume that a part of them, after their first expulsion by the Scythians, have trekked to the north, and then taken the Cimmerian and Cimbrian name with them into the North...” (Peter Friderich Suhm: Forsøg til et Udkast af en Historie over Folkenes Oprindelse I Almindelighed, som en Indledning til de Nordiske Folkes i Særdeleshed, p. 332, 1769)
Some of the Celts later wandered back into Asia Minor. In 279 B.C., the Gauls, the French Celts, reached and area of Asia Minor which they called Galatia, as Johannes Brøndsted writes in Politikens Danmarkshistorie. It were unto these Celts, Gauls, or Galatians that the Apostle Paul wrote his Epistle to the Galatians in the New Testament.
The Scythians in Scythia or Svithjod
Shortly after the 10 Tribes appeared south of the Caucasus, having lost their name Israel, a new people appears on the northern side of the Caucasus, in Southern Russia: the Scythians. The Scythians and Cimmerians are called one and the same people by the Russian historian Boris Piotrovsky from the Hermitage Museum in Saint Petersburg. Scythians may have been used as a name for several different tribes in the same area, but they still moved into the Ukraine, and were famous for supplying the Greeks with grain.
Historians call the area of the Ukraine and Southern Russia for Scythia. The Nordic name was Svithjod, and the Svithjod the Great of Snorre Sturlasson is identical with the Scythia of other European historians. Snorre’s name for Sweden was simply Svithjod - as different from Svithjod the Great, the homeland. Today, the Icelandic name for Sweden is Svithjod. In Atland Eller Manheim, Olof Rudbeck uses the heading of a chapter: On the Name of Sweden: Scythia. Georg Stiernhielm - the most learned man of 17th century Sweden - simply called the Swedish language for Scythian.
The Kingdom of Judah
The 10 Tribes of Israel were definitively deported in 721 B.C. away from the Land of Canaan, and remaining were only the 2 Tribes of Judah, consisting of the large Judah and the small Benjamin. The House of Judah, these two tribes, carry on the sins of the 10 Tribes, and already in 701 B.C. Assyria attacks the Kingdom of Judah. The Assyrian King Sancherib writes in a cuneiform tablet that he deported 200,150 Judahites far away. These 200,150 Judahites of the tribes of Judah never returned to Canaan, and are therefore still in existence among the 10 Tribes!
The following great power is Babylon. In the year 604 B.C. the King of Babylon Nebuchadnezar definitively terminates the Kingdom of Judah when he captures Jerusalem. In the year 587 B.C. Nebuchadnezar then deports the 2 Tribes of Judah unto Babylon. Here, the Judahites of the House of Judah are for the very first time in the Bible refered to as Jews. After the 70 years of exile in Babylon, 49,697 of these Judahites, now known as Jews, returns to Canaan.
It is the descendants of these not even 50,000 Jews of Judah and small Benjamin who more than 500 years later are the main characters in the New Testament.
In the 1st century A.D., Flavius Josephus tells us that,
“... wherefore there are but two tribes in Asia and Europe subject to the Romans, while the ten tribes are beyond Euphrates till now, and are an immense multitude, and not to be estimated by numbers.” (Flavius Josephus: Antiquities of the Jews, Book XI, Chapter 5, p. 234)
The climax of the entire Bible, from Genesis to Revelation, is the crucifixion of Jesus. By the faith of the sinner that Jesus on the Cross was the Son of God Who sacrificed Himself in place of the sinner, Salvation is possible. The Sacred Name Jesus means The LORD Saves.
The position of each of the 12 Tribes of Israel as pertaining to the Crucifixion is a key that can make that book understandable for the many to whom it is a closed book.
At the Crucifixion, the 12 Tribes of Israel are divided into 3 groups:
- The Tribe of Judah in Judæa.
- The Tribe of Benjamin in Galilee.
- The 10 Tribes in Europe.
- Judah crucified Jesus.
- Benjamin followed Jesus, and fled as disciples and apostles to tell the 10 Lost Tribes in Europe of Christ.
- The 10 Tribes in Europe became Christians.
This key was found by one of Denmark’s best daughters: Anna Bjørner. Anna Larssen, as she was called previously, was one of the leading actresses in Denmark. She got the best instructions by Herman Bang, and was for a brief while engaged to Gustav Wied. However, as the star of Dagmar Teatret, she was converted to Christ, and it did not make sense to the rest of the theatrical world. At the peak of the career, she abandoned the theatre, and was soon married to the YMCA secretary in Elsinore, Sigurd Bjørner. Together, the Bjørner couple launched their crusade, which was the birth of the Pentecostal Movement in Denmark.
Sigurd Bjørner was the pastor of Evangelieforsamlingen on Trianglen in Copenhagen, but founded the Apostolsk Kirke i Danmark in 1924, with congregations all over Denmark. Their paper, Evangeliebladet, was sold from door to door in large numbers, and had an easy to understand, but straight forward and no compromise Gospel. The power of the crusade was great, and was warmly welcomed by many unsaved and Christians, whereas the Bjørner couple’s meetings in Apostolsk Kirke were attacked by the Young Socialists.
Above: Anna Bjørner
As early as 1923 one could read articles in Evangeliebladet on the subject that the Jews soon would form a Jewish state in Palestine. These articles were inspired by the Irish Bible teacher Grattan Guinness, who in 1887, in his Light for the Last Days, wrote that Great Britain would free Jerusalem in 1917 from out of the hands of the Muhammedan Turks. Grattan Guinness saw Great Britain as the Tribe of Ephraim. Ephraim was the leader tribe among the 10 Tribes of Israel, and Jacob had prophesied that Ephraim alone would become ‘a multitude of nations’ (Genesis 48:19), i.e. a Commonwealth of Nations. At the same time - 1887 - Grattan Guinness had written that Great Britain (Ephraim) later would turn over the Holy Land to the Jews (the Tribe of Judah).
The Salvation in the death of Jesus on the Cross was the one and central thing in Evangeliebladet, and Anna Bjørner explained this according to the truth of the Gospel and without bending to the spirit of the day:
“There are so many Christians who cannot see that Jesus is the Redeemer of Israel. In John Chapter 11 we read that the high priests and the Pharisees have summoned a meeting to discuss what they shall do about Jesus, who does so many signs among the people, and if it continues like this, they say, the Romans will come and take away both the land and the people. But Caiaphas, who was high priest that year, said: ‘Ye know nothing at all, Nor consider that it is expedient for us, that one should die for the people, and that the whole nation perish not.’ – ‘And this spake he not of himself: but being high priest that year, he prophesied that Jesus should die for that nation (The Jews in Palestine): And not for that nation only, but that also he should gather together in one the children of God that were scattered abroad (The 10 Tribes of Israel).’ Christendom believes that these are the Christians who are spoken of here, but that is obvious that it is impossible - there were no ‘scattered Christians’ at that time. It was Israel that Jesus came to. And the high priest says: It is better that one man dies for the whole people, but not the whole people should perish. It is a prophecy, he knows not himself what he says; but he proclaims that Jesus Christ, the Son of God, should redeem not only Judah, but also the Lost Sheep of the House of Israel, the Ten Tribes who were in dispersion. It were ‘the Children of God’ who were to be gathered as one nation with Judah. But Judah did not receive Him, only a small band of men from Galilee - of the Tribe of Benjamin.” (Anna Bjørner: Kajfas’ mærkelige profeti. From Evangeliebladet: Organ for den apostolske Kirke i Danmark, 7th August, 1935, p. 1-2)
For each year that passed, the articles on the theme that the Jews’s state in Palestine would become reality, became more emphasized. In April 1936, Sigurd and Anna Bjørner left, for unclear reasons, Apostolsk Kirke and Evangeliebladet, and from the one week to the next even the slightest reference to the existence of the Bjørners vanished from the pages of Evangeliebladet. At the same time, all mentioning of Israel and Jews stopped in Evangeliebladet - for two years, but then it was diametrically opposite explanations!
The Bjørner couple, however, continued undaunted on their own. Sigurd laid great emphasis on the discovery of the Tribes in Pinsebevægelsen - en Sekt? (1944), and Anna was translator for the evangelistic meetings of the British-Israel Pentecostal preacher George Jeffreys in Copenhagen and Slagelse in 1947 and 1949.
The joy of the Bjørner’s was great when they in 1952 got together with the church which they themselves had founded. After one year of illness, Sigurd unfortunately died in 1953. Anna, who was now a widow, was now expressly forbidden by the new leadership of Apostolsk Kirke not to mention anything on the Tribes of Israel or the return of the Jews unto Palestine, when she was speaking at the meetings in Apostolsk Kirke. Anna said that she felt that “they stabbed her in the back when she spoke about those things,” that is, the Lost 10 Tribes of Israel. (According to Johannes Rasmussen: Ægteparret Bjørners Liv og Virke, p. 32, 1969) Even in her final years she persevered on her own, and for instance spoke at Hotel Prindsen in Roskilde in September 1953 on the subject ‘The Tribes of Israel’. She passed away in 1955, two years after her husband.
The pearl of great price - the Tribes of Israel - which Anna Bjørner had found when she found Christ, was once again covered with soil at her funeral. Let Anna’s own words from Evangeliebladet stand as her memory:
“The 10 Tribes of Israel, however, did not return from their captivity in Assyria, but trekked north across the Caucasus, around the Black Sea, until they landed in Middle Europe and finally came to the place which God had given them as a refuge: ‘The Isles in the Sea’ (The British Isles), from where Ephraim-Israel at last shall come, whereas Judah shall come from the ‘four corners of the world’. The searchers of history tell us that Hebrew memorials, grave tombs, and other things left behind, marks the way which they had wandered. The Gospel of Jesus, which had been rejected by Judah, was there proclaimed for the Gentiles, and among them were the Ten Tribes of Israel as the ‘Lost Sheep of the House of Israel’. Here, the Gospel was received, and today these Lost Ten Tribes make up the core of the Christian nations of the globe.” (Anna Bjørner: Den store Pyramide. From Evangeliebladet: Organ for den apostolske Kirke i Danmark, 21st April, 1927, p. 1)
The Gentiles and Heathens in the New Testament: The Lost 10 Tribes
The one Tribe of Judah in Palestine (the Jews) had, as a tribe, rejected the potential King of the Jews, as the Apostle Paul, who was of the Tribe of Benjamin, wrote: “... the Jews: Who both killed the Lord Jesus, and their own prophets, and have persecuted us; and they please not God, and are contrary to all men: Forbidding us to speak to the Gentiles that they might be saved, to fill up their sins alway: for the wrath is come upon them to the uttermost.” (1st Thessalonians 2:14-16)
The Apostles, of whom 11 were of the small Tribe of Benjamin, called upon the House of Judah to repent of their sin, that the Lost 10 Tribes (the House of Israel) soon could receive the Gospel of Jesus: “Therefore shall all the house of Israel know assuredly, that God hath made that same Jesus, whom ye [Judah] have crucified, both Lord and Christ.” (Acts 2:36)
In the Gospel, Jesus lets the Disciples hear to whom He was sent: “But he answered and said, I am not sent but unto the lost sheep of the house of Israel.” (Matthew 15:24) After the Ascension Day and Pentecost, the Apostles obeyed the commandment of their Lord Jesus unto them, and went specifically to the Lost Sheep of the House of Israel. The missionary journeys that we read of in the Acts of the Apostles, all went in one direction: towards Europe. Paul and the other Apostles journeyed to Asia Minor, Cyprus, Greece, and Rome. The epistles in the New Testament are written to the Christian assemblies in Asia Minor, Greece, and Rome.
The Apocryphical book of 1st Maccabees (app. 100 B.C.) and Josephus tell of a correspondence between the king of the Greek city of Sparta and the high priests of the Jews in Jerusalem. The Spartans told radiant with joy that they had found that they were of the same stock as the Jews.
“Areus King of the Lacedemonians to Onias the high priest, greetings: It is found in writing, that the Lacedemonians and Jews are brethren, and that they are of the same stock of Abraham...” (1st Maccabees 12:20-21)
The Jews, who still were the people of God and had the books of the Old Testament, answered the Spartans that they were already aware of this:
“... we both joyfully received the epistle, and were well pleased with Demoteles and Areus, although we did not need such a demonstration, because we were well satisfied about it from the sacred writings, yet did not we think fit first to begin the claim of this relation to you, lest we should seem too early in taking to ourselves the glory given to us by you.” (Flavius Josephus: Antiquities of the Jews, Book XII, Chapter V, p. 274)
In their exodus from Egypt, both the 2 Tribes of Judah as well as the 10 Tribes of Israel had all gone through the Red Sea and reached Mount Sinai, where they received the Law of Moses. In the 40 days that Moses received the Law while he stood alone on the top of Mount Sinai, a thick cloud covered the top of the mount, so that the app. 3 mio. Israelites below the cloud could not see Moses. After this, the Israelites continued their wanderings in the wilderness of Sinai, and when all the people were thirsty, Moses hit, of impatience, a rock with his staff, and there did pour out water and all of Israel had their thirst quenched.
When Paul is writing to the congregation of Greeks in Corinth, Paul tells these Greeks that they also hail from these Israelites from the books of Moses: “Moreover, brethren, I would not that ye should be ignorant, how that all our fathers were under the cloud, and all passed through the sea; And were all baptized unto Moses in the cloud and in the sea; And did all eat the same spiritual meat; And did all drink the same spiritual drink: for they drank of that spiritual Rock that followed them: and that Rock was Christ.” (1st Corinthians 10:1-4) (Please compare Ezekiel 20:36)
It did lie heavily upon Paul's heart that these Christian Greeks did not forget their Israelitish origin when they read aloud his epistle in the congregation in Corinth in Greece in the year 55 A.D. How much more are the words of Paul not addressed to the Christian Danes in the churches in Korinth on Fyn!
One of the most important of the Greek tribes was the Danites, who said that they hailed from slaves from Egypt. Suhm writes that the Vaner (the Danes) had a special connection to Greece, whereas Snorre tells us in Gylfaginning that the Aser had lived in Troy. (The Trojans were not Greeks.)
Specifically the Danes’s connection to ancient Greece was so important to Saxo that he, in the very first reference in Danmarks Krønike mentions the Norman chronicler Dudo who believed that the Danes hailed from the Greek Tribe of Dan. What Dudo actually wrote app. in the year 1000 A.D., was:
“Daci are by their own called Danai, or Dani, and commend themselves of hailing from Antenor, who fled from Illyria, after the destruction of Troy.” (Quoted from Peter Friderich Suhm: Critisk Historie af Danmark, Volume 1, p. 188, 1774)
The archaeologist Dr. Cyrus Gordon, who was called the greatest American archaeologist of the 20th century, wrote about the journey of the Israelitish Tribe of Dan to Greece, Ireland, and Denmark. This, the journeying Jew Eldad ben Mahli had already written in the Middle Age (9th century A.D.) in a letter to the Jews in Spain:
“In Jeroboam’s day, 975 B.C., Dan refused to shed his brother’s blood; and rather than go to war with Judah he left the country and went in a body to Greece (Javan) and to Denmark.” (Quoted from Norman Court: Old Ginger, p. 13, undated)
The ‘Gentile Christians’ of Rome = The 10 Tribes
Unto the Christians in Rome, whom he calls ‘Gentiles’, Paul writes that Abraham is their ancestor: “What shall we say then that Abraham our father, as pertaining to the flesh, hath found?” (Romans 4:1) The latest Danish authorized version of the Bible from 1992, renders this verse ‘Abraham, the ancestor of our people’. Paul both calls himself (the sender) and the Christian Gentiles in Rome (the receivers) for the fleshly descendants of Abraham. The martyr apostle Stephen uses the same phrase of himself and the Jewish council in Acts 7:2, as Paul does of himself and the Roman Gentiles Christians.
In the middle of the Epistle to the Romans are the chapters to be found (9, 10, and 11) which in particular pertains to the 10 Tribes vs. the 2 Tribes. Paul describes that out of the 6 fleshly sons of Abraham, God only continued His covenant with one son, namely Isaac. And Paul comes with another example. Isaac had two fleshly sons: Jacob and Esau. But God only continued His covenant with Jacob. Paul then comes to the prophet Hosea in the end of the Old Testament, who concerning the captivity of the 10 Tribes prophesied that God would cast them away temporarily and call them Not-My-People. Hosea also writes that the 2 Tribes of Judah at this point of time would remain the people of God. To the Gentile Christians in Rome, Paul then writes in the year 61 A.D. that they are this Not-My-People, who have been found by God and (again) have become My-People: “Even us, whom he hath called, not of the Jews only, but also of the Gentiles? As he saith also in Osee, I will call them my people, which were not my people; and her beloved, which was not beloved. And it shall come to pass, that in the place where it was said unto them, Ye are not my people; there shall they be called the children of the living God.” (Romans 9:24-26) In this context, Paul refers to himself, a Benjamite of the House of Judah, as a Jew.
The prophecy of Hosea, which Paul fulfilled, continues with a promise which should characterize the 10 Tribes of Israel after they have become My-People: “Yet the number of the children of Israel shall be as the sand of the sea, which cannot be measured nor numbered; and it shall come to pass, that in the place where it was said unto them, Ye are not my people, there it shall be said unto them, Ye are the sons of the living God.” (Hosea 1:10) The Christian peoples of Europe have always had a natural preference for the New Testament and the Old Testament (Paul and Hosea), and they are the Children of the Living God - i.e. Christians. The Christian peoples of Europe have always been numerous as the sand of the sea - hundreds of millions of individuals!
The Benjamite apostle Peter, in his First Epistle, uses exactly the same words which God gave unto the 12 Tribes of Israel at Mount Sinai, and which God expressly said were unto Israel, and Peter lets these words of God unto Israel be fulfilled in the first Christians. (Please compare Exodus 19:6 and 1st Peter 2:9-10)
The Apostle James writes in plain words to the 12 Tribes of Israel in the dispersion: “James, a servant of God and of the Lord Jesus Christ, to the twelve tribes which are scattered abroad, greeting.” (James 1:1)
It surely is written in the New Testament, but Gads Bibel Leksikon can tell us that,
“... the ancient Christian congregation saw itself as a holy people of God who were the literal descendants of the 12 Tribes of Israel...” (Gads Bibel Leksikon L-Å, p. 1001, 1966)
Odin in the Bible
The greatest authorities of the North, such as Snorre, surely described the historical Odin as the priest-chief of the Aser and Vaner tribes, and who was idolized in such a degree that he later was remembered as a god. The purely mythological god Odin and the legends from the Norse mythology are, however, full of remains and parallels to the LORD, Christ, and the Bible. There are also many references to the many idol gods -such as Baal - who Israel worshipped in Canaan, and who were the very cause that the LORD let the king of Assyria drive them out, and thus they became the Lost 10 Tribes.
The Name of God was originally YAHWEH, also spelled JEHOVAH. At a point the Jewish priests did change YAHWEH in the Old Testament to ADONAI, which is Greek and means the LORD. In [English] Bibles, the LORD in the Old Testament is thus originally ADONAI and YAHWEH.
In Hebrew, the name Odin would be Aud’n or Ôdn, and would be the same as Adonai. I therefore do not believe that Odin was the name of a priest-chief, but rather the title of a priest-chief. In old Norse the word/name Odin has a connection with oðr, which means ‘spirit or creating energy’, according to the commentary to Vølvens Spådom [Vøluspå] by Preben Meulengracht Sørensen and Gro Steinsland. I therefore believe that Odin was a title which meant Lord, Squire, or Ruler.
Therefore, there has probably been more than one Odin. Both Suhm and Heyerdahl speak of three Odins, of which the last one was him who founded the temple in Uppsala. But I believe that the kings of the Aser and the Vaner very well were called Odin all the way from the time in Aserbygðjan and Turkland.
Great parts of the 10 Tribes in Northern Europe worshipped and exalted a mortal man as their Ruler, at the very same time in which Jesus appeared for the 2 Tribes of Judah in the Promised Land.
One of Luther’s most treasured psalms is ‘The LORD is my Shepherd’, which is divised from the title of David’s Psalm 23 in the Old Testament. Jesus also calls Himself the Good Shepherd of the sheep in the Gospel of John Chapter 10. Odin, to the contrary, is predicted in the Bible prophecy of the Idol Shepherd in Zechariah Chapter 11 in the end of the Old Testament. I will delve into the context later, but the prophecy in itself is thus: “And the LORD said unto me, Take unto thee yet the instruments of a foolish shepherd. For, lo, I will raise up a shepherd in the land, which shall not visit those that be cut off, neither shall seek the young one, nor heal that that is broken, nor feed that that standeth still: but he shall eat the flesh of the fat, and tear their claws in pieces. Woe to the idol shepherd that leaveth the flock! the sword shall be upon his arm, and upon his right eye: his arm shall be clean dried up, and his right eye shall be utterly darkened.” (Zechariah 11:15-17)
The Edda says that Odin was blind on the one eye, as he had pawned it to the Jætte Mimer.
(Different English translations give a more comprehensive understanding of this prophecy. The Idol Shepherd “will not care for the lost” (New International Version, verse 16), and he will not “seek the scattered” (Berkeley, verse 16). The lost and scattered that this Idol Shepherd lets down, are the Lost Sheep of the House of Israel!)
The context in which the Idol Shepherd is mentioned, throws much light on the 10 Tribes and the 2 Tribes at the time of the Crucifixion.
God promises that He will save both the House of Judah and the House of Israel from their degradations (Zechariah 8:13). As a tribe, Judah rejected what could have been the King of the Jews by hanging Him on a Cross, but in Europe many kindred peoples with each its language received the Gospel of Christ as their own: “Thus saith the LORD of hosts; In those days it shall come to pass, that ten men shall take hold out of all languages of the nations, even shall take hold of the skirt of him that is a Jew, saying, We will go with you: for we have heard that God is with you.” (Zechariah 8:23)
Next is described that He comes riding into Jerusalem on an ass. Then, there is shed covenant blood, and the House of Joseph (the 10 Tribes) will expressly be saved, whereas the House of Judah, to the contrary, will be strengthened - exactly not expressly saved (Zechariah 9:9, 11; 10:6). The Gospels tell that Jesus came riding into Jerusalem on an ass, and His blood was shed on the Cross of Golgatha, it were specifically the Lost 10 Tribes who in particular received Him as Saviour, as Jesus Himself had said: “I am not sent but unto the lost sheep of the house of Israel.” (Matthew 15:24) (Please compare Matthew 21:5)
Then we hear of the traitor who sells his Lord for thirty pieces of silver: “And I said unto them, If ye think good, give me my price; and if not, forbear. So they weighed for my price thirty pieces of silver. And the LORD said unto me, Cast it unto the potter: a goodly price that I was prised at of them. And I took the thirty pieces of silver, and cast them to the potter in the house of the LORD.” (Zechariah 11:12-13) This, the Gospels tell of the traitor Judas Iscariot: “Then one of the twelve, called Judas Iscariot, went unto the chief priests, And said unto them, What will ye give me, and I will deliver him unto you? And they covenanted with him for thirty pieces of silver.” (Matthew 26:14-15) And: “Then was fulfilled that which was spoken by Jeremy the prophet, saying, And they took the thirty pieces of silver, the price of him that was valued, whom they of the children of Israel did value...” (Matthew 27:9)
Of the 12 Apostles, it was specifically Judas who did betray Jesus, whereas the other 11 remained faithful and became the light of the Gospel. Jesus had said that the 12 Apostles should each represent one of the 12 Tribes of Israel: “And Jesus said unto them, Verily I say unto you, That ye which have followed me, in the regeneration when the Son of man shall sit in the throne of his glory, ye also shall sit upon twelve thrones, judging the twelve tribes of Israel.” (Matthew 19:28) (Please compare Luke 22:27-30) If you apply this picture of one apostle for each tribe, I ask you: Which apostle did betray Jesus? Judas. Which of the 12 Tribes killed Jesus? The Tribe of Judah!
The Apostle Judas’s betrayal of, and the Tribe of Judah’s rejection of Christ, is the key to the entire conflict in the New Testament, where the Acts of the Apostles are full of stories of ‘the Jews’ (Judah) who does everything possible to hinder that the Greeks, the heathens, and the Gentiles (the 10 Tribes) hears the Gospel. “For ye, brethren, became followers of the churches of God which in Judaea are in Christ Jesus: for ye also have suffered like things of your own countrymen, even as they have of the Jews: Who both killed the Lord Jesus, and their own prophets, and have persecuted us; and they please not God, and are contrary to all men: Forbidding us to speak to the Gentiles that they might be saved, to fill up their sins alway: for the wrath is come upon them to the uttermost.” (1st Thessalonians 2:14-16) This conflict, the prophecy describes as the break of the brotherhood between Judah and Israel: “Then I cut asunder mine other staff, even Bands, that I might break the brotherhood between Judah and Israel.” (Zechariah 11:14) (The Danish 1948 translation renders this, very interesting, as the break of the brotherhood between Judah and the holy city of Jerusalem.) The next verses speaks of the Idol Shepherd whom of Israel in the North should worship when this breach took place, namely when Jesus expired on Golgatha.
The next thing which happens is that God the Holy Ghost will be poured out over the inhabitants of Jerusalem - the Jews. “And I will pour upon the house of David, and upon the inhabitants of Jerusalem, the spirit of grace and of supplications: and they shall look upon me whom they have pierced, and they shall mourn for him, as one mourneth for his only son, and shall be in bitterness for him, as one that is in bitterness for his firstborn.” (Zechariah 12:10) This was fulfilled on the Day of Pentecost, where the Apostle Peter says unto a larger group of Jewish men: “Therefore let all the house of Israel know assuredly, that God hath made that same Jesus, whom ye have crucified, both Lord and Christ.” (Acts 2:36)
The prophecy of Zechariah continues with Jerusalem being surrounded by armies, 2/3 of the inhabitants will be killed, the women violated, and the remainder of the inhabitants of Jerusalem will be driven into captivity (Zechariah 13:8-14:2). This did take place in the year 70 A.D., by the armies of Rome, in what still today is a saying: The destruction of Jerusalem, where more than one million Jews were slain, and but 70,000 escaped.
When we sing Denmark’ Fatherland Song (our National Anthem), we sing:
“There sat in ancient days,
the armour-clad giants,
rested from battle;
then they went out to the injury of the enemies,
now their bones are resting behind the menhir on the hill.”
(Adam Oehlenschläger: Der er et yndigt land [There is a lovely country], verse 2. Original title: Fædrelandssang [Fatherland Song], 1823)
Our dolmens are dear to our hearts, and Denmark is even the one country in the world which has the largest number of them: 5,000. Otherwise, they are primarily found in Southern Sweden, Northern Germany, the British Isles, France, Spain, Portugal, and one other place: The Promised Canaan Land. In Palestine, and especially east of the Jordan River and in the Golan Hights - where the Tribe of Dan lived - are still to be found more than 20,000 different stone monuments, and many of them are dolmens identical with those scattered all over Denmark. To this day, the local Arabs still call the dolmens for Kubur Ben Israil, that is The Graves of the Children of Israel. There are to be found other types of dolmens scattered in other places of the world besides Europe and the Middle East, but they are different and scarce.
The skulls and skeletons buried in the dolmens in North and Western Europe and in the Palestinean area are all of people of the long-headed Nordic type.
The Israelites of the Bible had a time-honoured custom of raising dolmens. When God did reveal Himself to the patriarch Jacob and made the great promises unto Jacob, Jacob and his men raised a dolmen to commemorate the covenant: “And Jacob took a stone, and set it up for a pillar. And Jacob said unto his brethren, Gather stones; and they took stones, and made an heap: and they did eat there upon the heap.” (Genesis 31:45-46) The Moffatt translation uses the word cairn where the King James Version uses an heap, and this gives a more full picture of what it was that Jacob and his men erected. This has not simply been small stones, as the Bible tells that such stone monuments should stand as a sign for many thousand years ahead. This must have been a very large dolmen, and must have been made up of many rocks.
When the Children of Israel under Joshua crossed the Jordan, whose waters God divided, Joshua let the Children of Israel gather 12 rocks, one for each of the 12 Tribes, and Joshua tells the Children of Israel the purpose of this: “And those twelve stones, which they took out of Jordan, did Joshua pitch in Gilgal And he spake unto the children of Israel, saying, When your children shall ask their fathers in time to come, saying, What mean these stones? Then ye shall let your children know, saying, Israel came over this Jordan on dry land. For the LORD your God dried up the waters of Jordan from before you, until ye were passed over, as the LORD your God did to the Red sea, which he dried up from before us, until we were gone over: That all the people of the earth might know the hand of the LORD, that it is mighty: that ye might fear the LORD your God for ever.” (Joshua 4:20-24)
Snorre can tell us in the Ynglinge-Saga that the Norsemen themselves from early days had erected menhirs and memorial hills after all doughty men.
The Bible most assuredly tells that the Israelites in the Old Testament days erected dolmens, but prophetically the Old Testament also points ahead to the 10 Tribes, who in their exile would erect dolmens and megaliths as marks of their new territories. The context will shed light upon the 10 Tribes, but in itself the prophecy is this: “Set thee up waymarks, make thee high heaps: set thine heart toward the highway, even the way which thou wentest: turn again, O virgin of Israel, turn again to these thy cities.” (Jeremiah 31:21)
This prophecy, I claim, is fulfilled in the thousands of dolmens scattered across the Danish landscape. This was actually the belief of two of the great Mideaval rabbis when they wrote their commentaries to Jeremiah Chapter 31. Don Isaac ben Yehudah Arbabanel from Spain (1437-1508) commented:
"The prophet therefore spoke concerning the Kingdom of Israel: 'Set thee up waymarks,' saying that when you go into Exile make signs by the routes and waymarks like piles of rocks or stone monuments so that you can set your heart to the route and remember in order that you may return in the way you went in, return to your city." (Quoted from Yair Davidiy: Brit-Am 540, 2005)
David Kimchi from France (1157-1236) had previously written:
“Set yourself up waymarks (Jeremiah 31): This was directed to the Community of Israel, that in the generation when they would be exiled they should set up waymarks such as piled up stones or stone monuments. The purpose of these monuments was to mark the paths.” (Quoted from Yair Davidiy: Ephraim, p. 143, 2001)
This was the verse of the prophecy isolated, but in its context, the entire chapter in which it is found will shed enormous light on the matter. The promises that are mentioned in this Jeremiah Chapter 31 speaks of a new and better covenant, and are in themselves quoted in the New Testament. On just about every pulpit in Denmark it is proclaimed that this New Covenant is the Covenant of Christ from Golgotha, which Christians confirm by the Holy Communion.
The entire chapter starts: “At the same time, saith the LORD, will I be the God of all the families of Israel, and they shall be my people.” (Jeremiah 31:1) Jeremiah continues, and says that this is the same people who in former times came out of the wilderness of Sinai: These families of Israel shall dwell in ‘the north country’ and at ‘the coasts of the earth’, but shall return unto God as ‘A great assembly’ (Young's Literal Translation), or ‘a great congregation’ (New World Translation). ‘A great congregation of the families of Israel’ would correspond to a ‘People’s Church’, such as the Lutheran Danish Folkekirken or the Church of England.
Ephraim was both the Tribe of Ephraim itself, which should become ‘a multitude of nations’ (Genesis 48:19), and which today is called the United Kingdom. Ephraim was also a generic term for the 10 Tribes as a whole, as Ephraim was the leader of the 10. Next, Jeremiah speaks of Ephraim being as situated in 'the isles afar off: “They shall come with weeping, and with supplications will I lead them: I will cause them to walk by the rivers of waters in a straight way, wherein they shall not stumble: for I am a father to Israel, and Ephraim is my firstborn. Hear the word of the LORD, O ye nations, and declare it in the isles afar off, and say, He that scattered Israel will gather him, and keep him, as a shepherd doth his flock.” (Jeremiah 31:9-10)
Both the Church Fathers and rabbis have identified these ‘isles afar off’ as the British Isles. Grundtvig saw them as the isles of the Danes, which I will discuss later. The Shepherd Who tends His sheep is, of course, Jesus, the Good Shepherd from the Gospel of John Chapter 10.
Next is the mass slaughter of Israelitish infants commited by Herod in his attempt to murder the tender Christ. (Jeremiah 31:15, fulfilled in Matthew 2:18)
Then, Ephraim (the 10 Tribes) acknowledges that his chastening by God has been just (verse 18), and the next words that are used by Ephraim are that his “exile led me to repent” (verse 19, Moffatt). The first thing John the Baptist, Christ Himself, and all of the Apostles proclaimed, was: “Repent ye!”
It is in this context that the prophecy is mentioned, that while all this takes place, the 10 Tribes in their exile could be identified by cairns and dolmens (verse 21).
In the following verses, it is expressly in the land of Judah that they shall use the speech that God will “bring them back from captivity” (Jeremiah 31:23-24, New International Version). The following verse: “For I have satiated the weary soul, and I have replenished every sorrowful soul.” (Jeremiah 31:25), the Lord Jesus fulfills in the Gospel of Matthew 11:28 by letting it be a prophecy of Himself.
Now, and only now, comes the widely famous verses about the New and better Covenant with the House of Israel and the House of Judah: “Behold, the days come, saith the LORD, that I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel, and with the house of Judah: Not according to the covenant that I made with their fathers in the day that I took them by the hand to bring them out of the land of Egypt; which my covenant they brake, although I was an husband unto them, saith the LORD: But this shall be the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel; After those days, saith the LORD, I will put my law in their inward parts, and write it in their hearts; and will be their God, and they shall be my people.” (Jeremiah 31:31-33)
The promise about the New Covenant is quoted in the Epistle to the Hebrews in the New Testament, taken straight from Jeremiah Chapter 31. It could not be more emphatic that the New Covenant was with the House of Israel (the 10 Tribes) and the House of Judah (the 2 Tribes), with the important difference between the House of Israel and the House of Judah being that only the House of Israel should have the New Covenant written on their hearts, meaning being ’magnetically’ attracted to this New Covenant.
The former chairman of Indre Mission, Christian Bartholdy, described these promises as the most wonderful promises in the entire Bible, and that they expressly were directed to the 10 Tribes! In the large Bible commentary of the 1950’ies, collected by some of that time’s great Danish theologians, Pastor Bartholdy wrote that these promises unto the 10 Tribes never have been fulfilled, because he believed that the 10 Tribes had vanished and were gone for good:
“And this people the Lord has loved with an eternal love. But they never did return. They disappeared, became absorbed in the neighbouring peoples. It was only the two tribed people of Judah and Benjamin who returned, after the fall of Babylon in 538.” (Dansk Bibelværk for Menigheden (Udarbejdet af en kreds af danske teologer): Jeremias’ Bog, Klagesangene, by Christian Bartholdy, p. 1711, 1956)
Bartholdy believed that since Ephraim (the 10 Tribes) had disappeared for ever, the New Covenant unto the 10 Tribes had then been a sort of spiritually transferred to the believing Christians.
Oh, if only Bartholdy had seen that when he preached these things at the meetings in Indre Mission, he was looking directly at the Found 10 Tribes of Israel!
The Semitic Origin of the Runes
The Runes, one of our Nordic gems, was a Semitic character system from the Middle East. This was shown by the linguist in Semitic languages, Dr. Phil. Kjell Aartun from Oslo, Norway:
“Outside of (Central) Europe and the North, the Runic writing has of today been found in two ancient oriental main cultures, namely the former Troy civilization in Asia Minor at the Dardanneles, and in the ancient high culture in the area of Syria and Palestine, all of which were more or less homogeneous.” (Kjell Aartun: Runer i kulturhistorisk sammenheng, p. 13, 1994)
When the Runes first appear in Troy and in the Syria-Palestine area, the Runes are already a fully developed character system, which to begin with was meant to express an eastern ancient language. It should be emphasized that the Runes from the Middle East are identical with the older Rune characters in the North and in Central Europe.
In regard to the origin of the Runes, they have such striking similarities with Semitic characters that the Runes cannot be derived from the Latin alphabet, but rather from Semitic. This was the conclusion of Jørgen Chr. Bang, Odense University:
“There are available such historical account which render probable larger immigration into Denmark app. the year 0 by a culture people from the Black Sea areas, as well as of culture plants of Near Oriental origin. The Runes and Old Norse may have arrived here with this people. ... I find it both interesting, and almost symbolic, that the rye, our ’national’ grain for daily bread, seems to have followed the same route as the Runes in my hypothesis, namely from the Near Orient to Southern Russia and Middle Europe, where it made a longer halt, only to reach us here in the Older Roman Age.” (Jørgen Chr. Bang: Runernes herkomst og medbyrd. From Selskab for Nordisk Filologi: Årsberetmng 1996-1997, p. 151)
In Blekinges äldsta runinskrifter - yttringar av nordvästsemitisk fruktbarhetskult (Karlskrona, Sweden, 1998) and De Blekingska Runornas Hemligheter (Karlskrona, Sweden, 2001), Örjan Svensson did reveal the close connection between many Rune inscriptions and Old Hebrew, and the Old Norse and Semitic languages. Svensson demonstrates how many Rune inscriptions give a new and astonishing meaning when they are read from the right to the left, as in Hebrew, and not from the left to the right, as in the Norse languages. This, Sven Nilsson of Skåne had actually already concluded in Skandinaviska Norden Ur-Invånare from 1862, in regard to the Kivik monument in the province of Skåne, Southern Sweden. Of special interest to Danes is Svensson’s transcribtions of the Runes on the short Golden Horn from Southern Jutland. Svensson restores the Runes from the Golden Horn in their Hebrew-Aramaic meaning, ad translates it into modern Swedish.
Quite a number of people have, by the way, noted the similarity between the Golden Horns and the Old Testament Shofar Horns, which were used by the Israelites, for instance at the Temple of King Solomon.
The Old Hebrew of the Bible is usually considered belonging to the Hamito-Semitic group of languages, whereas Germanic - including Norse and English - belong to the Indo-European group of languages. One of the most respected linguistics of the world was our own Louis Hjelmslev of the University of Copenhagen. In 1963, Hjelmslev wrote in his landmark book Language: An Introduction, that
“A genetic relationship between Indo-European and Hamito-Semitic was demonstrated in detail by the Danish linguist Hermann Møller, using the method of element-functions, in studies dating from 1906-17.” (Louis Hjelmslev: Language: An Introduction, p. 79, 1970)
By comparing them, Hjelmslev substantiated the claims for that the Semitic, Indo-European, and Finno-Ugrian languages were derived from one single original ancient language, which he called Nostratic. Hjelmslev did not believe that other languages - such as Chinese and the American-Indian languages - had a common origin with Nostratic.
The American Terry Marvin Blodgett, University of Utah, summarized his account in the doctoral thesis from 1981: Phonological Similarities in Germanic and Hebrew:
“... the findings of this chapter open up the possibility that the linguistic similarities between Germanic and Hebrew, as presented throughout this dissertation, might be explained as the basis of Hebraic migrations to Germanic territory, possibly as early as 700 B.C., with other groups arriving during the ensuing centuries.” (Terry Marvin Blodgett: Phonological Similarities in Germanic and Hebrew, p. 155, 1981)
Above: Germanic speaking peoples (grey)
Blodgett also showed in details that the vowel changes Ablaut and Umlaut, today known in High German, was common both in Hebrew and Germanic languages, but not in other Indo-European languages.
The Polish linguist Grzegorz Jagodzinski came to the same conclusion in 2005 in his critical comparisons between Indo-European and Semitic languages:
“It is worth noticing that there exists especially much convergence between the Semitic languages and the Germanic branch [of the Indo-European languages*].” (*My parenthesis) (Grzegorz Jagodzinski: Indo-European and Semitic Languages, 2005)
This is reflected in Norse names. The Hebrew kohen means priest. Old Norwegian kon means a daughty man or chief, and Lithuanian kuningas means lord, priest, today priest-king. The Swedish Rus Vikings in Constantinople were specifically refered to as jarel, meaning un-circumsised, by the Jews, and not as goyim. In the Hebrew Bible, non-Israelites are mainly refered to with the Hebrew goyim. But the 10 Tribes were indeed Israelites, albeit un-circumsised. The Norwegian pagan chief Håkon Jarl, whom Danish King Harald Blue Tooth baptized on the Limfjord, would in Hebrew be Hå Kohen Jarel, meaning un-circumsised Israelitish priest-king.
There are overt and acknowledged Hebrew loan words in English. Dr. Isaac Mozeson, a learned Jew from the Yeshiva Universities in Jerusalem and New York, spent many years on the matter of the Hebrew-Indo-European relationship. In his solid work The Word: The Dictionary That Reveals the Hebrew Source of English (1989), Dr. Mozeson brought to light no less than 22,000 English words with a Hebrew origin. Back in Genesis 2:19-20, Adam gave all the animals names. Countless people must have puzzled over which names Adam did give the animals, and just why he gave each one of them their specific name. Dr. Mozeson showed that the English word giraffe in the Hebrew has a meaning of neck. The English word skunk has in the Hebrew a meaning of stink, and the English horse a Hebrew meaning of plower.
Just think! The most ancient language of the Bible from the Garden of Eden can to this very day be heard in both English and Hebrew!
The Appearance of the Israelites
The Israelites from the Bible were a fair, White people. The heyday of Israel in Canaan, app. 1400-900 B.C., should give the best examples on the looks and appearance of the Israelites. The Egyptian King Shishak depicted people from Canaan with a predominance of people with light and red hair, even though there were dark haired people among them, too. Often, they had blue eyes and reddish beard. Dr. A. Henry Sayce, a professor in anthropology at Oxford University, wrote that when the Egyptian painters depicted prisoners from Judah, there was not a single one among them of the modern 'Jewish' type. There have been different types among the Israelites in Canaan, but it is certain that the predominant type was the Nordic.
Above: Judahite from Canaan, 12th century B.C.
Above: Israelites from Canaan, 11th century B.C.
The chosen Covenant Seedline all the way through the Bible has been characterized with a specific appearance.
The first man who was created in the image of God, got the name Adam (âdâm, from ‘âdam). The two internationally most acknowledged Bible concordances are the English Strong’s Exhaustive Concordance of the Bible (1905) by James Strong and the German Hebräisches und Chaldäisches Handwörterbuch über das alte Testament (1823) by Wilhelm Gesenius. Strong and Gesenius express the full meaning of the name Adam:
- Adam = “to show blood (in the face), i.e. to flush or turn rosy: - be (dyed, made) red (reddy).” (Strong)
- Adam = “to be red”, “red, from the blushing of the cheek” (Gesenius)
- Adam (Ethiopian) = “to be beautiful” (“schön sein”) (Gesenius)
- Adam (original Arabic) = “The Arabs distringuish two races of man; one red, ruddy, which we call white, the other black. [Gesenius adds:] But both the races are sprung from Adam.” (Gesenius, English edition)
Among the dark complexioned peoples in the Middle East and Africa, the fair Israelites stood out as something special, especially the blond women of Israel. When Jacob-Israel’s grandparents Abraham and Sarah came to Egypt, all the Egyptians were astonished over Sarah’s beauty: “And it came to pass, that, when Abram was come into Egypt, the Egyptians beheld the woman that she was very fair. The princes also of Pharaoh saw her, and commended her before Pharaoh: and the woman was taken into Pharaoh’s house.” (Genesis 12:14-15) Sarah must have had a certain outer beauty, as the Egyptians obviously desired her. What it was that made the Egyptians desire the beautiful Sarah so much, you can read in the Dead Sea Scrolls, which were found in 1947. Here, an apparently Egyptian writer with great astonishment describes Sarah’s beauty. Among other things with which he describes Sarah, is:
“... how beautiful all her whiteness!” (The Genesis Apocryphon 20:4, from The Complete Dead Sea Scrolls in English, 1997, p. 454)
Above: “And the Egyptians made the children of Israel to serve with rigour: And they made their lives bitter with hard bondage, in morter, and in brick, and in all manner of service in the field: all their service, wherein they made them serve, was with rigour.” (Exodus 1:13-14) Above: Slaves in Egypt making bricks. The two taskmasters (#1) are both dark-haired. Of the slaves (#2, #3, and #4), three are fair haired and two are dark haired, just like the present-day Danes. From Egyptian wall-painting at Kurna.
The tribes of Israel are descended from Jacob-Israel, his two wives Rachel and Leah and his two concubines Bilhah and Zilpah. The father of Rachel and Leah was Laban, and the full meaning of Laban is:
- Laban = “the White one”, “to be White”, “to make White, clean, purify”, “Whiteness, brightness, transparency” (Gesenius, Swedish edition)
- Laban = “White”, “to be (or become) White” (Strong)
- Laban (Hebrew) = “Albino” (English). The two words are derived from the same root-word, and have the same original meaning (according to Dr. Mozeson)
Above: Predominant Nordic race (grey)
David is also spoken of as ruddy: “And he sent, and brought him in. Now he was ruddy, and withal of a beautiful countenance, and goodly to look to. And the LORD said, Arise, anoint him: for this is he.” (1st Samuel 16:12, see also verse 42) The English word ruddy, as used here, is from the Hebrew ‘admônîy, and means:
- “reddish (of the hair or the complexion): - red, ruddy” (Strong)
- “roth (von Gesicht)” (Gesenius)
The so-called Jewish appearance, however, does not come from the Israelites nor the Jews from the Bible. To the contrary, it comes from the non-Semitic Khazar people, who at a certain time had a strong ruling class of Jews. App. the year 740 A.D., a large section of the Khazar people got circumsized, and became Jews of religion. They are today called Ashkenazi-Jews, and consititute app. 9 out of 10 of every Jew in the world. Ashkenaz was the grandson of Japheth, son of Noah, and mentioned in Genesis 10:3, and therefore not a Semite. The Semites are the descendants of Shem, the brother of Japheth, and son of Noah.
Despite the fact that the Khazars were incorporated into the Jewish people, they are fully a part of the Jewish people today. But the Ashekenazi Jews are not descendants of the Israelites nor of the Judahites of the Bible.
The people of the Bible
In the Bible, there are many prophetical marks of Israel in the latter days. Of the three sons of Noah, Shem and his descendants, the Semites, should become the people whom God would use to let the world know of Himself: “And he said, Blessed be the LORD God of Shem...” (Genesis 9:26)
Above: Martin Luther (1483-1543)
Martin Luther, the German, is the greatest light that God has lit since the death of the last apostle, even though Luther viewed himself as a descendant of Japheth, and not Shem.
Above: Jean Calvin (1509-1564)
Jean Calvin, a Frenchman, instituted a Bible-Christian community in Geneva founded upon the rule of the Law of Moses. Traditionally, Protestants count Calvin as the second largest after Luther.
Above: Johann Gutenberg (1398-1468)
And the reason that we all can read of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob is the art of printing, which was invented by Johann Gutenberg, a German. Since then, 98% of all Bibles have been printed by White, Western Christians. The first book which Gutenberg printed was the Book of the God of Shem: the Bible. The second book, printed by Wynkyn de Worde, was on the subject of the old English legend about Joseph of Arimathea, the uncle of Jesus. After the Cruficifixion, Joseph of Arimathea journeyed to England and founded the ancient Celtic Church.
Israel’s new name: the Christians
The prophet Isaiah in the Old Testament said that Israel should be called by a new name after the coming of the Messiah: “And the Gentiles shall see thy righteousness, and all kings thy glory: and thou shalt be called by a new name, which the mouth of the LORD shall name.” (Isaiah 62:2)
Shortly after the conversion of Paul on the road to Damascus, the New Testament tells us what this new name was: “And when he had found him, he brought him unto Antioch. And it came to pass, that a whole year they assembled themselves with the church, and taught much people. And the disciples were called Christians first in Antioch.” (Acts 11:26)
Israel’s many peoples
God’s covenants with Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob were without conditions. No matter what they did, the blessings in these covenants would continue. The blessings in the Law of Moses were, however, on conditions.
God promised Abraham, among other things, that his seed would become ‘many nations’: “Neither shall thy name any more be called Abram, but thy name shall be Abraham; for a father of many nations have I made thee.” (Genesis 17:5)
Even Abraham’s great grandson, Ephraim - one of the 12 sons of Jacob - should in himself become ‘a multitude of nations’ (Genesis 48:19). Today, Ephraim is the United Kingdom and the British Commonwealth of Nations.
Israel: a numerous people
Israel should become very numerous, and not just a small people: “And he brought Me forth abroad, and said, Look now toward heaven, and tell the stars, if thou be able to number them: and he said unto him, So shall thy seed be.” (Genesis 15:5)
America (White Americans) are in themselves app. 140 mio., Germany 70 mio., and the United Kingdom 50 mio.
Israel should become kingdoms: “And I will make thee exceeding fruitful, and I will make nations of thee, and kings shall come out of thee.” (Genesis 17:6) This should only become reality with Saul and David, a long time after the death of Abraham. But the royal family of David should continue right up until the Second Coming of Christ.
Above: Kingdoms (grey)
In the 19th century and the first half of the 20th century, most European countries lost their kings and nobility. In North and West Europe there are, however, still related kings and queens.
- In Denmark: Queen Margrethe II
- In Sweden: King Carl XVI Gustaf
- In Norway: King Harald V
- In Holland: Queen Beatrix
- In Belgium: King Albert II
- In Luxembourg: Grand Duke Henri
- In the United Kingdom and the British Commonwealth of Nations: Queen Elizabeth II
- In Spain: King Juan Carlos I
All these North and West European royal houses are related. The genealogical table of Queen Victoria went all the way back to King David.
Since England, Scotland, Wales, and Ireland were united in 1601 in the United Kingdom in 1601, and got the flag Union Jack (the Union of Jacob), all British monarchs have been crowned on a coronation chair under which there is a huge, heavy, and coarse salt stone called Liafail. It has marks in the sides, as if someone had wandered around with it for many years. Critical voices cannot give any explanation as to where Liafail hails from, or why it has to lie underneath the coronation chair of the monarch. This type of rock is to be found nowhere on the British Isles, and neither in continental Europe - but it is found in Palestine! The stone is none other than the very stone which Jacob slept upon when God gave him the great blessings in the dream of the ladder to heaven (Genesis Chapter 28), and which the Israelites carried with them during the 40 years of wandering in the desert of Sinai.
Above: King George VI
“I am sure the British Israelite business is true. I have read a lot about it lately and everything no matter how large or small points to our being the chosen race.” King George VI of the United Kingdom and the British Commonwealth of Nations (regent 1936-1952). Emperor of India, and the father of Queen Elizabeth II
The Isles hear the words of the Messiah
The prophet Isaiah is the Old Testament prophet which the Lord Jesus quoted the most in the Gospels regarding the prophecies which were fulfilled in Himself. The book of Isaiah consists of 66 chapters, which are divided into two very different parts. They are so different that Bible critics claim that it is two different persons who have written the book which today is one book. The first 39 chapters contain judgements of the fall of kingdoms, about the sin and reprobation of Judah, occurenses from the time of the writing, as well as some prophecies of the coming Kingdom of God. The last 27 chapters are completely different, and prophecies in joy-full words of the coming Messiah, and more or less only about Israel and Judah. The first 3 verses of Isaiah 40 were fulfilled in John the Baptist, as we read in Matthew 3:1-3. The famous oratorio The Messiah by the composer George Friderich Handel consists only of Bible texts. The singular book of the Bible which Handel used the most times was Isaiah from chapter 40 and onwards.
Then think about this: the Bible consists of 66 books. The Old Testament has 39 books, and the New Testament has 27 books.
“But now thus saith the LORD that created thee, O Jacob, and he that formed thee, O Israel, Fear not: for I have redeemed thee, I have called thee by thy name; thou art mine.” (Isaiah 43:1)
Isaiah talks much of the Gospel - the Good News of the Messiah - was directed towards Israel on ‘the Isles’ (or ‘the distant isles’, as the Danish 1992 translation renders it): “Listen, O isles, unto me; and hearken, ye people, from far; The LORD hath called me from the womb; from the bowels of my mother hath he made mention of my name.” (Isaiah 49:1) The Hebrew word which here is translated isles also has the meaning of shores and coasts, as the Danish 1948 translation also renders it.
Isaiah stood in the Promised Land, and Jesus also did live and die in the Holy Land. From there, there was only in one direction in which there were numerous isles, shores, and coasts which specifically did receive the Gospel of Christ: towards north-west did lay isles, such as the British Isles, the Danish isles, the isles in the Baltic Sea, Iceland, and the Faroe Islands; seas, such as the North Sea and the Baltic Sea; and numerous shore-lands.
Two of the three countries in Europe with the farthest stretched shores - including every tiny island - are Great Britain and Denmark, two of the strongholds of Protestant Christianity. The third country is Greece, which both was Christianity’s door to Europe, and also has a special connection to Denmark.
The Church Fathers especially interpreted it as the British Isles. Our own Grundtvig viewed it as the islands of the Danes, as he said in the psalm:
“Hear, distant isles!
Ye who listened in the high North,
Ye who more than willingly
Hear the Word of the Spirit, the Life, and the Peace!
Ye shall know,
It is a part of my home,
Follow my messengers.”
(N.F.S. Grundtvig: Herrens Røst [The Voice of the Lord]. Original title: Ansgar-Trøsten [The Comfort of Ansgar], 1866.)
Some of the prominent Mideaval rabbis even did believe too that this also was a reference pertaining to the British Isles, according to the Jewish historian Yair Davidiy, Jerusalem.
In the same chapter is an additional geographical reference: “Behold, these shall come from far: and, lo, these from the north and from the west; and these from the land of Sinim.” (Isaiah 49:12) The Vulgate Bible of Saint Jerome, which was used for more than 1,000 years in Europe, renders the Land of Sinim as Terra Australis. Directly translated into English: The Land of the South. The huge Anglo-Saxon country Australia also means the Land of the South in Latin.
How should Danish hearts be filled with joy, when our royal house - on the distant isles of Isaiah 49:1 - in Crown Prince Frederik, has been enriched with Crown Princess Mary - of Terra Australis of Isaiah 49:12 - in a church called by the Name of the Messiah of Israel, Who is the main theme in all of Isaiah 49! And the name of their son could not be more fitting: Christian, a coming king.
The 12 Tribes of Israel Today
In the Old Testament each of the 12 Tribes had each their own geographical territory in the Land of Canaan. They had each their peculiarities, as described in the stories, prophecies, and symbolism of the Bible. I will try to give a bid on which certain folk [Danish] or peoples [English] who today constitute the 12 Tribes of Israel. There are found an abundance of identifications and references in the Bible concerning the individual tribes, as dealt with by W.H. Bennett in Symbols of Our Celto-Saxon Heritage (Windsor, Canada, 1976). Not a few have tried to identify each of the 12 Tribes today, among them captain Ole Jørgen Johnsen in Israel i de siste dage (Asker, Norway, 1924) and Steven M. Collins Israel’s 12 Tribes Today (Royal Oaks, Michigan, United States, 2005). Most of my choices as a modern nation (folk or people) as a representative of an Israelitish tribe, I myself think are reasonable. Others have differences in their choice of the 12 Tribes, but these are my best answers.
During Israel’s trek in the wilderness of Sinai, they went in a formation around the Ark of the Covenant, with one Camp in each corner of the world, and with 3 tribes under each Camp (See Numbers Chapter 2). Take this order, and place them on a piece of chalk paper over a map of Europe, and then you roughly have where the 12 Tribes are today.
To the West: The Camp of Ephraim, symbol the Oxen (the Bull), with the tribes Ephraim, Manasseh, and Benjamin. The two sons of Joseph, Ephraim, and Manasseh, got the birthright in Israel, and are therefore the most numerous today. Ephraim was the Leader Tribe among the 10 Tribes in the Northern Kingdom, and the Tribe of Ephraim in himself should become ’a multitude of nations’ (Genesis 48:19, KJV) or ’a group of nations’ (Genesis 48:19, New International Version). Ephraim is the United Kingdom of Great Britain, who are one people, and yet a group of folk or nations: England, Scotland, Wales, Northern Ireland, Canada, Australia, and New Zealand, united in the British Commonwealth of Nations. The personification of Great Britain is John Bull.
Manasseh was the actual brother of Ephraim, whereas the other of Israel’s 10 tribal patriarchs were Manasseh’s and Ephraim’s uncles. America, who today is Manasseh, speaks the same language as Great Britain (Ephraim), while Manasseh should become ’a great nation’ (Genesis 48:19, KJV). The first Americans - those who made America great - had huge cattle herds; and America is still the largest cattle nation in the world, and still feeds the world.
In South Africa lives the little Boere-folk (or volk) - or the Afrikaaners - only 3 mio. people. I believe that the Boere are the Tribe of Benjamin. The Boere became a folk (volk) in 1652, at the same time as the first English pilgrims went ashore on the coast of America, and 150 years before the first Australians arrived to Australia. Boer means peasant or farmer in their language Afrikaans, and the history and folk-soul of the Boere is full of oxen carriages which the Voortrekkers drove through wilderness, mountains, and desert. Of the Boere’s European ancestors, app. 2/3 were Dutch Calvinists, and 1/3 French Huguenots.
(In Zimbabwe, the democratically elected government of Robert Mugabe have ethnically cleansed all the White people of the country. Whereas this never was of any concern to the United Nations nor the European Union, the ANC government of South Africa have been Mugabe’s most brotherly and faithful supporter. After many years attempt to grab hold of the farms of White farmers through less or more economical methods, the ANC government finally announced on 10th February, 2006, that they are now switching to downright confiscations - seizures - of property which belongs to White South Africans. And still without causing the slightest bother to the European Union nor the United Nations!
Crimes across the colour line only goes one way: Black against White, and South Africa is the country in the world with the most murders and rapes per citizen. The Boere, however, do not want to leave Africa, as they are just as much Africans as the Danes are Europeans.)
To the North was the Camp of Dan, symbol the Eagle, with Dan, Aser, and Naphtali, who today are Denmark, Sweden, and Norway. Characteristics of the Norse folk are freedom and independence, but also biting strength, despite our small sizes. As an instinct, the Norse golden eagle does not want to walk on the ground among the Oxen, the Lion, and the Man. Up in the air, that is where the Eagle is dangerous and is respected, when he does not land on the ground with his two legs. Should the eagle get sedated, overfed, or get its wings hocked, he is no longer of much use when he drools around on the ground on his two legs. Only then does he realize that his equal terms among the Oxen, the Lion, and the Man are not to his advantage.
To the East was the Camp of Judah, symbol the Lion, with the tribes of Judah, Zebulon, and Issachar. In the Bible, the Lion symbolized royal might, and the Lion is most supreme in a struggle. Judah was the greatest single tribe, along with Ephraim, whom Judah often competed with. The legitimate royal line of Israel, the House of David, was of Judah. A Latin document from 1404 by the name Österreichische Chronik, which is said to be based upon ancient traditions, tells of the Assyrian King Sancherib who deported Jews (i.e. Judahites of the Tribe of Judah) to Central Europe along the Danube. These Judahites should have beaten the local King Gennan, and the Judahites should have ruled in the present-day Austria and Hungary until the year 227 A.D. This must be the previously mentioned 200,150 Judahites whom the Assyrian king did deport did deport! Just about every European royal house is of German origin.
The Netherlands (Holland and Flanders) are Zebulon. This, Helene van Woelderen wrote about in Nederland-Zebulon: een stam van Israël (1971), which was made into a movie, starring the Danish actor Freddy Albeck in the leading role. This was also a major issue for the Dutchman C.F.P.D. van der Vecht and his Bond Nederlands Israel. They were outlawed in 1940 by the National Socialist occupational power, and they had to resort to underground evangelization. The manuscript to van der Vecht's main work Israël: Daniëls Laatste Koninkrijk was seized as ’dangerous’ and was only published in 1946.
Who Issachar is today, I am not sure of. Switzerland perhaps? Finland? or Lithuania?
To the South was the Camp of Reuben, symbol the Man (the Human), with the tribes of Reuben, Simeon, and Gad. Reuben went awhoring with his father Jacob’s wife, Bilha. A loose sexual norm is, in Northern eyes, a characteristic for the Latin nations. The Man (the Human) would mean Man-centredness more than God-centredness. The Catholic Church has, as I see it, certainly had its good periods, but Man constantly seems to be the focus more so than in Protestant Christianity. The Pope over Christ, the priest as a mediator of Christ, a focus on acts and rituals. In its most gruesome shape Man-centred Catholicism could be seen in the Spanish Inquisition. If the symbol the Man (the Human) entirely rejected God, it was Humanism, Atheism, and Socialism. The French Revolution in 1789 rejected God and the Church, and paved the way for Communism, National Socialism, and the European Union.
The Germanic tribe of the Goths especially settled in Italy and Spain. The tribal name of the Goths meant God's folk (people), and I believe they are the Tribe of Gad, and today possibly Italy.
Simeon did not spare the sword, when he together with Levi (the priest tribe) slew an entire Canaanite village, because a Canaanite had abducted and violated their sister Dinah (Genesis Chapter 34). I would guess that Simeon is Spain.
The Mind of Christ
God promised Abraham that “And in thy seed shall all the nations of the earth be blessed; because thou hast obeyed my voice.” (Genesis 22:18)
Which nations are typically the free nations? Which nations are always caring for the rights of alien people all over the world? Is it not only White Christendom who constantly send food supplies and every kind of help to poor and suppressed countries? Many countries in the Third World are not only poor, but tyrannies as well. When the people cannot take any more, they always seek to White Christendom for the freedom and prosperity which they seldom or never have had themselves.
Nordic people - whether they are Christians or not - seem to have a special spirit to care for everyone, as if it was written in their hearts from their birth. Alien peoples from other parts of the world are as a general rule usually humanly friendly and good, but the Nordic man alone has gotten the brand [in the Danish language] to be ’good as a fool’. To be ’good as a fool’ could also be described as an inborn goodness beyond reason. This is not logic, nay, this is a part of the soul of the Norseman.
Despite the fact that there has never been more ill and invalids, never more drunkards, drug addicts, lonely, abandoned Danes, the Danes still have an inner instinct to help others than themselves. The Sermon on the Mount of Jesus, which our Danish fathers and mothers have heard in the Church for 1,000 years, lies very deep down in the soul of the Danes: “Give to him that asketh thee, and from him that would borrow ofthee turn not thou away. Ye have heard that it hath been said, Thou shalt love thy neighbour, and hate thine enemy. But I say unto you, Love your enemies, bless them that curse you, do good to them that hate you, and pray for them which despitefully use you, and persecute you...” (Matthew 5:42-44)
Is this not what we [in Danish] call ‘to be blue-eyed’?
Let it be emphasized: The commandments of Jesus and of the Law of Moses concerning the neighbour only concerns people of your own folk (people). The commandments of the United Nations, the Soviet Union, and the European Union on love for thy neighbour may very well concern anyone but your compatriots, but not the love for the neighbour in the Bible: “And if a stranger sojourn with thee in your land, ye shall not vex him. But the stranger that dwelleth with you shall be unto you as one born among you, and thou shall love Mm as thyself; for ye were strangers in the land of Egypt: I am the LORD your God.” (Leviticus 19:33-34) (There was, as many know, a great difference in the eyes of God between the Israelites and the Egyptians, even after the Israelites had been in Egypt for 430 years.)
“Then Jesus went thence, and departed into the coasts of Tyre and Sidon. And, behold, a woman of Canaan came out of the same coasts, and cried unto Mm, saying, Have mercy on me, O Lord, thou Son of David; my daughter is grievously vexed with a devil. But he answered her not a word. And his disciples came and besought him, saying, Send her away; for she crieth after us. But he answered and said, I am not sent but unto the lost sheep of the house of Israel. Then came she and worshipped him, saying, Lord, help me. But he answered and said, It is not meet to take the children's bread, and to cast it to dogs. And she said, Truth, Lord: yet the dogs eat of the crumbs which fall from their masters' table. Then Jesus answered and said unto her, O woman, great is thy faith: be it unto thee even as thou wilt. And her daughter was made whole from that very hour.” (Matthew 15:21-28)
Already all the way back in our pre-Christian Germania, this was a part of our folk-soul, as Tacitus writes:
“No nation indulges more freely in feastings and entertainng than the Germans. It is accounted a sin to turn down any man from your door. The host welcomes his guest with the best meal that his means allows.” (Cornelius Tacitus: Germania, Chapter 21)
The word ’blåøjethed’ does not mean lack of intelligence. Denmark, Sweden, and Norway have produced an un-proportional number of bright heads. Such as Søren Kierkegaard and Hans Christian Andersen, who are loved all over the world, or scientists such as the aero-plane pioneer Ellehammer, H.C. Ørsted, and Carl von Linné. One of the most exalted recognitions in the world is to receive the Nobel Prize - and yet, Alfred Nobel himself was a Swede.
Often you find the greatest truths about yourself in other people's views on you. While it easy to feel trodden over the toes due to attacks on the soul of our folk, may there not lie a truth in the Germans’s view upon us as ’die dumme Dänen’? We surely do feel trodden upon our toes, but why should the Germans call us specifically that? (And why do we, of all things, remember this expression?) The Germans will hardly claim that they are more intelligent than us, but they might still be more clever than us. Are we actually ’dumme’? That is, naïve, stupid, foolish, ’blue-eyed’?
When the Soviet Union did subversive work in all of the Western world, the KGB found specifically the politicians, the intelligentsia, and the bright heads notable easy to fool, and abused them to promote a European Soviet Union. The defected KGB agent Mikhail V. Butkov described specifically us, of all the peoples of the West, with the words: ”O, these Scandinavians, so serious, straight, but ah so naïve.”
This was, once again, an integrated part of the soul of our folk before we became Christians, as Tacitus writes:
”The Germans are not cunning or sophisticated enough to refrain from blurting out their inmost thoughts in the freedom of festive surroundings, so that every man's soul is laid completely bare.” (Cornelius Tacitus: Germania, Chapter 22)
This ‘blue-eyed’ soul also was in the 12 disciples of Jesus, and in the future disciples of Jesus. Jesus described the disciples as ’sheep’ and ’innocent as doves’: “I am sending you out like sheep among wolves. Therefore be as shrewd as snakes and as innocent as doves.” (Matthew 10:16, NIV)
Throughout all of the Bible, Israel's enemies are described as serpents and wolves, just as here. By reading the correcting commandment of Jesus in its context, you will see that by nature the disciples would specifically not be shrewd as snakes! The sheep is among the most un-intelligent animals, naive, but with a good heart.
AARTUN, Kjell: Runer i kulturhistorisk sammenheng (Oslo, Norway: Pax Forlag A/S, 1994)
BANG, Jørgen Chr.: Runernes herkomst og medbyrd, article in Selskab for Nordisk Filologi: Årsberetning 1996-1997 (Copenhagen, Denmark: Selskab for Nordisk Filologi, 1998)
BARTHOLDY, C.: Dansk Bibelværk for Menigheden (Udarbejdet af en kreds af danske teologer): Jeremias Bog, Klagesangene (Copenhagen, Denmark: O. Lohses Forlag, Eftf., 1956)
BJØRNER, Anna: Den store Pyramide. From Evangeliebladet: Organ for den apostolske Kirke i Danmark, 21st April, 1927 (Copenhagen, Denmark: Den apostolske Kirke i København, 1927)
BJØRNER, Anna: Kajfas’ mærkelige profeti. From Evangeliebladet: Organ for den apostolske Kirke i Danmark, 7th August, 1935 (Copenhagen, Denmark: Den apostolske Kirke i Danmark, 1935)
BLODGETT, Terry Marvin: Phonological Similarities in Germanic and Hebrew (Salt Lake City, Utah, United States: Department of Languages, University of Utah, 1981)
BOTEACH, Shmuley: Judaism for Everyone (New York, New York, United States: Basic Books, 2002)
BRØNDSTED, Johannes: Politikens Danmarkshistorie, Bind 1: De Ældste Tider, Indtil
år 600, 3rd edition (Copenhagen, Denmark: Politikens Forlag A/S, 1977)
COURT, Norman: Old Ginger (Woodford Green, Essex, England: The Society for Proclaiming Britain is Israel, undated)
DAVIDIY, Yair: Ephraim (Jerusalem, Israel: Russell-Davis Publishers, 2001)
GESENIUS. Wilhelm: Hebrew-Chaldee Lexicon to the Old Testament (Grand Rapids, Michigan, United States: Baker Books, 1979)
HALLBÄCK, Geert, Hans Jørgen Lundager Jensen & Bertil Wiberg (Ed.): Gads Bibel Leksikon A -K (Copenhagen, Denmark: Gads Forlag, 1998)
HJELMSLEV, Louis: Language: An Introduction (Madison, Wisconsin, United States: The University of Wisconsin Press, 1970)
JAGODZINSKI, Grzegorz: Indo-European and Semitic Languages (from
JOSEPHUS, Flavius: The Complete Works of Josephus (Grand Rapids, Michigan, United States: Kregel Publications, 1960)
SAXO Grammaticus: Danmarks Krønike (Copenhagen, Denmark: Forlaget Sesam, 1994)
SHAMIR, Israel: Galilee Flowers (South Carolina, United States: Book Surge, 2003)
STRONG, James: Strong’s Exhastive Concordance of the Bible (Peabody, Massachusetts, United States: Hendrickson Publishers, undated)
STURLASSON, Snorre: Norges Konge-Sagaer (Christiania, Norway: Feilberg & Landmark, 1881)
SUHM, Peter Friderich: Critisk Historie af Danmark, Bind 1 (Copenhagen, Denmark: Brødrene Johann Christian og Georg Christopher Berling, 1774)
SUHM, Peter Friderich: Forsøg til et Udkast af en Historie over Folkenes Oprindelse I Almindelighed, som en Indledning til de Nordiske Folkes i Særdeleshed (Copenhagen, Denmark: Brødrene Johann Christian og Georg Christopher Berling, 1769)
SUHM, Peter Friderich: Historie af Danmark, 1. Tomé (Copenhagen, Denmark: Brødrene Berling, 1782)
SUHM, Peter Friderich: Om Odin og den Hedniske Gudlære og Gudstieneste udi Norden (Copenhagen, Denmark: Brødrene Berling, 1771)
TACITUS, Cornelius: The Agricola and the Germania, translated by H. Mattingly (Middlesex, England: Penguin Books Ltd., Harmondsworth, 1970)
VERMES, Geza (Ed.): The Complete Dead Sea Scrolls in English (New York, New York, United States: Penguin, 1997)
 Illustreret Danmarkshistorie for Folket meaning Illustrated History of Denmark for the People.
 The Norse peoples are the Danes, the Swedes, the Norwegians, as well as the minor Icelanders and Faroe Islanders.
 The Danish word blå-øjet (blue-eyed) is a synonym for ’being naïve’. (The English phrase ‘to be blue-eyed’ has another meaning than in Danish.)
 Om Odin og den Hedniske Gudslære og Gudstieneste udi Norden meaning On Odin and the Heathen Teachings and Service of God.
 Ve and Vilje meaning Woe and Will.
 Ø in Danish means Island. Odins-Ø thus means Odin’s Island in English. Today the third largest city of Denmark: Odense on the island of Fyn.
 Lejre: the old king’s town south of Roskilde on the island of Zealand.
 Danmarks Krønike> meaning Chronicle of Denmark (app. 1200 A.D.).
 Jakten på Odin meaning The Search for Odin.
 The Jellinge Stone: ‘Denmark’s Baptismal Stone’. The stone which Harald Blue Tooth erected upon his own personal baptism, and all of Denmark’s official national, conversion to Christ in the year 1000 A.D.
 Danmark = Danish for Denmark.
 Authorized by Her Majesty Queen Margrethe II of Denmark.
 As the Danish translation renders it (Guds ejendomsfolk). “The people who belong to Him” (1 Peter 2:9, Moffatt)
 In the Danish Church, 2nd Esdras is considered a part of the Pseudepigrapha, and is called 4th Ezra.
 Forsøg til et Udkast af en Historie over Folkenes Oprindelse I Almindelighed, som en Indledning til de Nordiske Folkes i Særdeleshed meaning An Attempt at a Sketch of the History of the Peoples’s Origin in General, as an Introduction to the Nordic Peoples in Particular.
 In the original Swedish: Om Sweriges Namn Scythien.
 Herman Bang: famous Danish novelist and playwriter.
 Gustav Wied: famous Danish writer of satirical novels, notably Livsens Ondskab.
 Dagmar Teatret: one of Copenhagen’s most respected theatres.
 A branch of the Apostolic Church in Wales, led by the Jones brothers.
 Pinsevækkelsen – en Sekt? Meaning The Pentecostal Awakening - a Sect? This was a defence for Pentecostalism.
 ’Abraham, vort folks stamfader’.
 In the Norse mythology, the Jætter (usually translated Giants) were an earlier creation, as different from the Gods (the Aser and Vaner). The Jætter were also human beings, but were described as deceitful, tricky, swarthy, black-haired, and with much bodily hair. The Aser and Vaner frequently intermarried with the Jætter. The ultimate deceiver and betrayer in the Norse mythology, Loke, was a Jætte who lived among the fair Aser and Vaner.
 85% of all Danes are members of the Lutheran-Evangelical Folkekirken, the head of Folkekirken being Her Majesty Queen Margrethe II.
 The greatest Danish hymn writer (1783-1872).
 The largest Lutheran fundamentalist movement in Denmark, and a part within the Lutheran Folkekirken.
 Dansk Bibelværk for Menigheden (Udarbejdet af en kreds af danske teologer): Jeremias’ Bog, Klagesangene meaning Danish Bible Puclication for the Congregation (Compiled by a Circle of Danish Theologians): The Book of Jeremiah, Lamentations.
 Runer i kulturhistorisk sammenheng meaning Runes in a Cultural-Historical Context.
 Today known as Southern Danish University.
 Runernes herkomst og medbyrd meaning The Origin and Legacy of the Runes.
 Blekinges äldsta runinskrifter - yttringar av nordvästsemitisk fruktbarhetskult meaning The Oldest Runic Inscriptions of Blekinge – Expressions of North-West Semitic Fertility Cult.
Blekinge is an old Danish province now in present-day Southern Sweden.
 De Blekingska Runornas Hemligheter meaning The Secrets of the Runes of Blekinge.
 Skandinaviska Norden Ur-Invånare meaning The Original Inhabitants of the Scandinavians Norse Lands.
Skåne is another of the old Danish provinces in present-day Southern Sweden.
 The two Golden Horns were some of the most famous archaeological findings in Danish history. They were, however, stolen in the early 19th century, melted, and sold. Only drawings and models of them remain.
 Svensson’s books are, after all, written in Swedish, not Danish.
 The original book Sproget in Danish was published in 1963.
 Limfjorden: The deep fjord in Northern Jutland.
 Crown Prince Frederik of Denmark was married to the beautiful Australian woman Mary Donaldson in 2003. Their first son was born in 2005, and was given the name Christian.
 Österreichische Chronik meaning The Austrian Chronicle.
 In Danish: ‘tossegod’.
 That is, being naïve.
 Die dumme Dänen, German for The Stupid Danes.